Description
This is one of the detailed (29 Hours) course on Fluid Mechanics that can provide you with advanced concepts of Fluid Mechanics that is very essential for all Precessing Engineering Fields.
This is an advanced course in Fluid Mechanics. The subject Fluid Mechanics has a wide scope and is of prime importance in several fields of engineering and science. The present course emphasizes the fundamental underlying fluid mechanical principles and the application of those principles to solve reallife problems. Special attention is given to deriving all the governing equations starting from the fundamental principle. There is a wellbalanced coverage of physical concepts, mathematical operations along with examples and exercise problems of practical importance. After completion of the course, the students will have a strong fundamental understanding of the Principles of Fluid Mechanics and will be able to apply the Principles to analyze fluid mechanical systems.
This course is of relevance to engineers and scientists across a wide range of mechanical chemical and process industries who must understand, analyze and optimize flow processes and fluids handling problems. Applications are drawn from hydraulics, aero & hydrodynamics as well as the chemical process industries.
This Course is Specially designed for the Automobile and Aviation industries.
Lecture1 Introduction to Fluid

Subject of Fluid Mechanics

Laws in scientific study

Engineering approach of problem solving

Fluid definition

Newton’s law of viscosity

Newtonian and NonNewtonian fluid

Problems based on Newton’s law of Viscosity
Lecture2 Continuity Equation

Principle of conservation of mass

Differential and Integral approach

Eulerian and Lagrangian approach

Inventory Equation

Derivation of Continuity equationDifferential approach

Conservation and NonConservation forms of Continuity

Material derivative

Scalar and Vector field

Acceleration field
Lecture3 Momentum Equation

Newton’s Second law of motion

Body force

Surface force

Momentum Equation in differential form

Stokes postulate

NavierStokes Equation
Lecture4 Application of Navier Stokes equation

NS equation as governing equation of fluid flow

Application of NS equation for a steady and laminar fluid flow between two fixed infinitely long plates.

Velocity profile

Volume flow rate calculation from velocity profile

Local velocity, average velocity, maximum velocity

Calculating Reynolds Number from Velocity profile
Lecture5 Application of Navier Stokes equation – Couette flow

Physical meaning of NS equation

Fully developed flow

Application of NS equation for a steady and laminar fluid flow between one fixed and one moving plateCouette Flow

Applications of Couette flow
Lecture6 Reynolds Transport Theorem Derivation

Control Mass (A System) and Control Volume

Lagrangian and Eulerian Approach

Extensive and Intensive property

Derivation of Reynolds Transport Theorem (RTT)

Interpretation of net flux term of RTT
Lecture7 Reynolds Transport Theorem – Continuity Equation

Reynolds Transport Theorem (RTT)

Deriving Continuity Equation using RTT

Mass flow rate, Volume flow rate, and Average speed

Differential and Integral form of Continuity Equation
Lecture8 RTTContinuity Equation Numericals

Continuity Equation in Integral form

Solving numerical problems using Continuity Equation
Lecture9 RTT Linear Momentum Equation

Reynolds Transport Theorem (RTT)

Deriving Momentum Equation using RTT

Resultant Forces acting on a CV

Momentum accumulation in a CV

Momentum flow through a CV
Lecture10 RTT Angular Momentum Equation

Reynolds Transport Theorem (RTT)

Deriving Angular Momentum Equation using RTT

Problem based on Linear and Angular Momentum

RTT for Moving and Deforming CV
Lecture11 Kinematics of Flow Flow types

Fluid Flow Visualization Classics

Streamline

Pathline

Streakline

Timeline

Software for flow visualization (2dflowvis)
Lecture12 Kinematics of Flow Irrotational Flow

Motion of fluid Element

Transformation of fluid element

Angular velocity vector

Vorticity Vector

Irrotational flow field
Lecture13 Kinematics of Flow Stream function

Visualizing velocity fieldJava Applet

Visualizing velocity field Maple

Stream function

Change in the value of stream function

Problem on stream function

Stream function in polar coordinates
Lecture14 Kinematics of Flow Circulation

Circulation

Relationship between Circulation and Vorticity

Stoke’s theorem

Problem on Circulation

Physical meaning of Divergence of a vector

Circulation and Divergence in Java Applet
Lecture15 Potential Flow Velocity potential function

Velocity Potential function, φ

Potential flow

Relationship between ψ and φ

Flow net

Velocity potential function in cylindrical coordinates

Velocity Potential function in Java Applet
Lecture16 Potential Flow Basic potential flows

Uniform flow

Source and Sink flow

Vortex flow

Stream function and Velocity potential function for basic flows
Lecture17 Potential Flow Superposition of potential flowsI

Superposition of basic potential flows

Doublet

Half body
Lecture18 Potential Flow Superposition of potential flowII

Flow around a cylinder

Flow around a cylinderVelocity and pressure distribution

Flow around a cylinderDrag and Lift

Rankine body

Problem on Rankine Body
Lecture19 Potential Flow Superposition of potential flowIII

Superposition of basic potential flows

Flow around a cylinder with circulation

Magnus Effect

Problem Flow around a cylinder with circulation
Lecture20 Turbomachine Fluid Machines

Fluid machines classification

Positive Displacement machines

Turbomachines

Comparison of PDPs and Rotodynamic pumps

Turbomachine Classifications

Scope of Turbomachines
Lecture21 Turbomachine Euler’s Equation

One dimensional flow through an impeller

Velocity triangle

Euler’s equation of turbomachine
Lecture22 Turbomachine Blade Angles

Velocity triangle

Velocity triangle at inletassumptions

Effect of blade angle on head

Typical Characteristic curve of a centrifugal pump

Effect of blade angle on Characteristic curve
Lecture23 Turbomachine PerformanceI

ProblemCentrifugal blower

Static, Friction and System head

Pump Losses

Pump Efficiency

Pump Performance Characteristic curves
Lecture24 Turbomachine PerformanceII

Pump System Curve

Pumps in Series and Parallel

Pump Affinity laws

Pump specific speed
Lecture25 Turbomachine Turbine

Turbine

Schematics of hydraulic turbines

Velocity triangles of Turbine

Impulse Turbine

Reaction Turbine

Degree of Reaction
Lecture26 Turbomachine Turbine Performance

Pump and Turbine Efficiencies

General Energy Equation

ProblemTurbine

Affinity laws for Turbine

Turbine specific speed
Lecture27 Boundary layer Concept

Classification of flows

One dimensional and multi dimensional flow

Steady and Unsteady flow

Uniform and NonUniform flow

Inviscid and Viscous flow

Attached and Flow separation

Laminar and Turbulent flow

PrandtlBoundary layer concept

Growth of boundary layer thickness
Lecture28 Boundary layer Order Analysis over Flat plate

Order of Magnitude or Scale Analysis

Order of Magnitude Analysis over flat plate

Boundary layer thickness as a function of Reynold’s Number

Wall shear stress using Scale Analysis

Skin friction coefficient using Scale Analysis
Lecture29 Boundary layer Blasius solution

Laminar boundary layer on a flat plate

Blasius solution

Wall shear stress using Blasius solution

Friction coefficient using Blasius solution

Problem Using Blasius solution
Lecture30 Boundary layer Turbulent flow over flat plate

Turbulent flow

Governing Equations in Turbulent flow

Boundary layer in Turbulent flow

Velocity profile in laminar and turbulent flow

Velocity distribution in turbulent boundary layer

Law of wall
Lecture31 Boundary layer Displacement and Momentum thickness

Disturbance or Boundary layer thickness

Displacement thickness

Displacement thickness using Blasius solution

Momentum thickness

Momentum thickness using Blasius Solution

Relative amount of displacement and momentum thickness for laminar flow over flat plate
Lecture32 Boundary layer Approximate solution

Control Volume analysis for Boundary layer

Von Karman Solution

Von Karman Integral equation

Approximate solution to Laminar boundary layer over flat plate
Lecture33 Boundary layer Skin Friction Coefficient

Friction Coefficient for laminar boundary layer

Local and Average skin friction coefficient

Friction Coefficient for Turbulent boundary layer

Friction Coefficient for Mixed boundary layer

Problem Mixed boundary layer over flat plate
Lecture 34 Introduction to EESParametrics and plotting
Lecture35 External flow Introduction

External flow Application

Forces and Moments on arbitrary shape body

External Flow over a flat plate and cylinder

External flow Low and High Reynolds’s Number flows

Introduction to Open channel flow

External flow characteristics
Lecture36 External flowDrag and Lift

Resultant force on a body

Drag and lift Forces

Drag Coefficient

ProblemDrag coefficient

Pressure and Shear stress distribution
Lecture37 External flow Drag Coefficient1

Drag and lift ForcesAlternate Method

Drag coefficient for slender bodies

ProblemDrag coefficient

Factors affecting drag coefficient
Lecture38 External flow Drag Coefficient2

Drag coefficient for common geometries

Drafting

Fairing

Drag reduction in nature

Drag reduction in other applications

Experimental measurement of drag coefficient
Lecture39 External flow Drag in Vehicles

Drag Coefficient of carsHistory

Drag and Rolling resistance on a Vehicle

Power required to drive a vehicle

ProblemPowerDrag and Rolling Resistance

Drag reduction in Vehicles
Lecture40 External flowIntroduction to Airfoil

What is Airfoil?

Airfoil types

Airfoil Nomenclature

Aircraft terminologies

AirfoilPotential flow theory

Minimum Flight Velocity
Lecture41 External flowAirfoil Performance

Lift and Drag on Airfoil

AirfoilBoundary layer theory

AirfoilFlow separation

Effect of angle of attack

Performance of different Aerofoil

Airfoil with flap

Airfoil at different Mach Number
Lecture42 CFD Introduction

What is CFD?

CFD Scope and Applications

Role of CFD in Engineering

How CFD works

Practical Steps of Solving problem in CFD
Lecture43 CFD Finite Difference Method

Numerical Techniques

Finite difference Method

Forward, Backward and Central Difference

Mixed Derivatives

Problem Finite Difference Method

Solving problems in CFD using ANSYSCFX
Lecture 44 CFDGeometry and Mesh
Lecture 45 CFDPre Solver Solution Post Process (CFX)
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